The history of the Arabian horse spans back at least 4,500 years. Over the millenium, the breed was spread around the world as the result of both war and trade.
Arabian horses are believed to have originated in the desert and display one of the most versatile skill sets of any breed.This breed is used for virtually everything from working ranches and pleasure riding and show jumping. Arabian horse racing is also very common, it gives the breed’s strength and stamina.
According to the Arabian Horse Association (AHA), adults should measure between 14.1 and 15.1 hands high, or 57 to 61 inches. Given this narrow range, the AHA notes that individual animals may be slightly shorter or taller. A healthy weight range is about 700 to 1,300 pounds.
Purebred members of the breed, according to the Arabian Horse Association, should be gray, chestnut, roan or black in color. Chestnut, gray and bay coats occur most frequently, with roan and black being relatively rare. Appaloosa Horse patterns are not seen in this breed, but milder sabino or rabicano spotting occur.
TYPES OF BREED
The Arabian Horse Association registers purebred horses with the coat colors bay, gray, chestnut, black, and roan.Bay, gray and chestnut are the most common black is less common. The classic roan gene does not appear to exist in Arabians; rather, Arabians registered by breeders as “roan” are usually expressing rabicano or sometimes sabino patterns with roan features.All Arabians no matter their coat color, have black skin, except under white markings. Black skin provided protection from the intense desert sun.
In a group horses will challenge the other horses to establish who is the leader .Having a “pecking order” makes a horse feel secure.Horses enjoy their personal space.When a horse comes into contact with a person, they will always challenge the person to see who is in control.Horse‟s are paranoid – the instinct to run and flee for their life is never far from a horse’s thoughts,its about staying alive. A horse can tell what a person is like from a distance – a horse is a prey animal and is finely attuned to its environment. By being attuned with things around them allows a horse to flee from danger or fight a challenger.
A long, luxurious mane and tail are hallmarks of the Arabian horse.All domesticated horses benefit from having their manes and tails regularly to remove dirt, tangles and debris. Horses with short manes usually have their manes combed, while horses with longer manes are usually groomed with a human hair brush or a stiff dandy brush. Horses with extraordinarily long manes and tails have their manes hand picked to remove tangles.
Arabian horses suffer from six known genetic diseases:
1.Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Arabian horses with this condition are born with no immune systems and rarely survive longer than five months.
3.Equine juvenile epilepsy. This condition causes seizures, which usually resolve spontaneously when the animal reaches 12 to 18 months of age.
4.Lavender foal syndrome (LFS). Named for the coat discolorations that signal its presence, LFS is marked by seizures and an inability for the newborn foal to stand up. Most animals with LFS are put down a few days after birth.
5.Cerebellar abiotrophy (CA). Foals with this disease are asymptomatic at birth, but around the age of six weeks, they begin to have severe coordination and gait problems. In mild cases, the horse can go on to have a normal, full life. More severe cases usually require the horse to be put down.
6.Occipital atlanto-axial malformation (OAAM). This disease is a malformation of spinal cord near the neck, resulting in poorly coordinated motion in mild cases and paralysis in severe cases.
It’s essential to inspect hooves daily for injuries or signs of a potential infection.So coat brushing, mane trimming and other care should be performed on an as-needed basis.
A proper feeding regimen depends on the animal’s intended use. Arabian horses which have lower activity levels should do fine with two meals of horse feed per day and a salt lick or mineral lick, in addition to plenty of water. Horse treats are optional. Horses intended for competition should have professionally designed nutrition plans.
Arabian horses are treated as one of the most noble horse breed in the world. It is
also one of the oldest breed known as a root of many other breeds. Opposite to
Thoroughbred horses Arabian ones are very healthy, easy to keep with low fodder
demand. They are very much adaptive to environmental conditions . Growth and
development of foals is also very interesting because it is more similar to growth of
primitive than to noble foals.The height at girth and cannon circumference
measured at 1 day and 6 and 18 months of life were analysed. On this base the
growth rate was calculated. Horses were divided into different groups according
their year of birth, sex, coat color and sire and dam lines.
Healthy Arabians Horse live approximately 20 to 25 years.
The average cost of an Arabian horse starts at $12,000 and up. They are a magnificent creature.