Bushmaster have their scientific name as LACHESIS. They are the longest venomous snakes in the world. This snake have three known species which are: Lachesis Muta (South American Bushmaster), Lachesis Stenophrys ( Central American Bushmaster) and Lachesis Melanocephala (Black Headed Bushhmaster). These species of snake are found to be 1.8 meter i.e. 6 feet in measure but can grow up to 3 meter i.e. 10 feet. They are mostly reddish brown in color and can also be found in pinkish grey. The color of these species mostly match the floor color of their forest habitat. They are covered with diamond patter on the back. This specie of snake is very dangerous and carry deadly venom.
Appearance of Bushmaster Snake:
The Bushmasters are the Pit Viper . They are present with Infrared pits which are located between the nostrils and the eyes. These pits are used to smell the prey. These pits are protected by the folds of the skin of the snake. They prey are mostly the small rodents. They are the longest vipers found in the world. These snakes are huge and have thick body. They posses triangular shaped head , which is present in the venomous snakes only. They are deadly poisonous species of snake. The body of these snakes are covered with extremely rough scales. They have large fangs which can be almost 1 inch in length and inject venom deep into the victims body. They weight nearly about 3 to 5 kg and are found to be 6 to 10 feet long in an average.
These Bushmasters are mostly found in the cool and moist places of the tropical forests. This specie of snake is native of Southern Central America and are spread almost over the north part of Southern America. They mostly stay close to the water sources. They are mostly found coiled on the large trees in the tropical rain forests. They can remain coiled at a single place for more than weeks without movements. Being coiled on the tree branches they wait for the prey.
The Bushmaster are predators which believe and sitting and waiting the the prey. These snakes are specialized in eating small mammals which includes rats, rodents, chipmunks, and marsupials. They even have porcupines as their prey. Mostly Vipers after injecting their venom in the prey leave them but the Bushmaster grab them and keep on injecting large amount of venom in the prey’s body. The Juvenile Bushmasters use their bright colored tail to attract the prey. They are mostly active in the nights and thus search for they prey at the same time. These snakes also make prey of large animals of the forest. These snakes can survive on less than 10 large meals in an year.
The Bushmaster Snakes are known to be the deadliest snake because of the deadly venom. These snakes are capable of multi bites so they can insert large amount of venom in the body of the victim. If a Bushmaster Snakes bites a human being then it can cause internal bleeding in excess which lead to the death of the person. The average quantity of venom released by a Bushmaster Snakes is 411 mg which is the maximum quantity released at a single time.
The Bushmasters are oviparous i.e. they lay eggs to reproduce like other species of snakes, but is the only Pit Viper in America who lay eggs. They are solitary snakes but avoid this nature at the time or season of matting. The males finds the females by the scent trail that is left behind by the females Bushmaster Snake. After matting the female lays egg in a clutch. The average count of the eggs in the clutch is of dozen. The females mostly lay eggs in the hollow logs, mammals burros which are left free. The eggs are laid between May to August. The Bushmaster Snake females than coil around the nest to protect the egg till they get hatched. It takes almost three months for a egg to hatch.
The maximum life span recorded of this specie is 24 years. But have average life span of 16 to 18 years.