Cockatoo are one of the nature’s most unusual parrots. The name cockatoo originated
from the Indonesian name, kaka (k) tu. There are 21 species of Cockatoo in the world. Every one of these species has a crest that can be put up or down. All species occur in Australia, Indonesia and islands around Oceania. These birds usually communicate with its body language and making sounds.
These are medium to large parrots with thick heavy bills that range from 12-28 in (30-70 cm) in length. They have an erectile crest that rises when the bird is threatened, excited, angry or ready to play.
White is the most common colour of these birds. Some species may have orange, pink or yellow, while grey or black colouring is rarer.
The umbrella Cockatoos has a distinct white crest that rises like an umbrella, which differentiates it from other white cockatoos.
The male cockatoo has a black or dark brown iris while female cockatoo has a light-brown or red-brown iris.
This birds have an erectile crest they will raise when threatened, excited, angry or
ready to play.
Moluccas cockatoos can be extremely noisy and will scream out seemingly at random.
They are very social and extremely sensitive. These species are at increased risk for feather destructive behavior and self-mutilation.
Foraging is an important part of normal daily parrot activities.
These birds are monogamous breeders, with pair bonds that can last many years. The cockatoos are cavity nesters, nesting in holes in trees which they are unable to excavate themselves. These hollows are formed from decay or destruction of wood by branches breaking off , fungi or insects such as termite or woodpeckers where their ranges overlap. The eggs of Cockatoo are oval and initially white .However; they do become discolored over the course of incubation.
Cockatoos are a lively and engaging breed of parrot, and mist enjoy playing in water. this love of water makes it fairly easy to groom cockatoo at homelike most birds, self groomers, and they are constantly preening their feathers. Grooming consist of providing water for a bat,h hand clipping the bird’s nails.
This bird can come down with most of the same diseases as any other type of bird,
they are prone to certain illnesses. Some of the common health problems in cockatoos are-
Psittacoses beak and feather disease– caused by circovirus that attacks the cells of the immune system and cells that produce the beak and feather.
Obesity-high –fat diet and lack of activity can cause this problem.
An overweight cockatoo may have problem in breathing.
Fatty liver disease- In birds the liver stores energy in the form of fat. As an increasing amount of fat is stored there, liver cells are lost.
Lymphomas– Another problem associated with obesity is lipomas, benign fatty tumours that usually appear on the lower part do bird’s abdomen.
Bumble foot-this health problem is characterised by lameness, swelling of bird’s foot.
To help keep your cockatoo healthy and happy proper care should be given-
The bigger cage is better for cockatoo birds. For a smaller breed it’s cage should be no smaller than 30’’ wide by 20’’ deep by 43’’deep. For larger breeds such as umbrella cockatoo the cage must be made strong enough for a cockatoo to hang, and withstand a cockatoo’s powerful beak.
Bells are wonderful toys for cockatoo which makes them happy.
Food is one of the most important things for good cockatoo care. A combination of a pelleted food and daily fresh fruits and vegetables will help to ensure cockatoo’s good health.
These are very loving birds, and they are known for being “cuddly” and they are demanding of their owner’s time. If a bird doesn’t get the attention and the love it needs,(s)he can become quite loud.
This breed eat fresh fruits and vegetables. They can also eat meats. They are not fussy eaters. Deep fried should never be given to cockatoo’s. Dairy products are safe for cockatoo’s however this too must be limited.
PRICE OF COCKATOO
This birds are very attractive and intelligent. Their price varies from Rs 10,000 to Rs 25,000 .