About 8,000 years ago, the relationship between cows and man began with the revolutionary advent of domestication in Mesopotamia. Among the possible candidates for the job only the cow fit the specific criteria mankind needed: not too reliable, breeds well in captivity, grows at a good scale, not aggressive, requires a low maintenance diet. Cows provide all of our basic needs, from milk and meat to muscle.Today the number of cows in the world has reached to about 1.5 billion. In many different countries humans and cows have formed close relationships.
Cow has a broad size. Cow has the nose, big mouth, and has different coloring eyes are quiet attractive. It has ears which are set wide, a tail. Much skin is present on the body of cow which make it possible for them to survive during climatic change. It’s weight vary.
There are many different types of cows – each with their own unique characteristics:-
Jersey cows originated from English Channel Island of Jersey, which is a few kms away from the coast of France. They were first brought up in Australia in 1829 and spread throughout Australia with the Australian Jersey Herd Society being formed in the early 1900’s. Jersey cattle are characterised as being a hardy, small breed with high milk composition (protein and butterfat percentage) and medium milk yield. They are light cream to dark brown in colour.
2. Holstein Fresian:
Holstein Friesian cows can be traced back to more than 2000 years. They were first imported to Australia. Holstein Friesian is derived from the province of Friesland in the Netherlands and Schleswig-Holstein in the Rhine delta region. They are characterized as versatile, large breed with medium milk composition and high milk yield. The breed’s colour is black and white. They are the most numerous dairy breed in Australia making up more than 60 % of commercial milking cows in Australia.
3. Red Breeders & Illawarras:
Illawarra cows arised from cross breeding between a number of breeds in the Illawarra region. They have been recognized as an individual breed since 1910. Coat colour is mostly rich red, though some cattle are either roam or red with a little white on the sides. They are characterized as an extremely hard breed with too high milk yield and high milk protein and fat content.
First find the right cow that you would like to breed with yours then put them into the same stall. If it is the right one then they will breed but if they do not get attracted then may be they will not breed.
Different cattle feeding production systems have separate advantages and disadvantages. Almost all cattle have a diet that is composed of at least grass, legumes, or silage. In fact, most beef cattle are increased on pasture from birth in the spring. Then for pasture-fed animals, grass is the forage that composes a great majority of their diet.
The main work of cattlemen and women is to raise healthy cattle, which are the roots of a safe, wholesome and nutritious food supply. This has been same throughout our industry’s history and in our long-term efforts to continuously improve the knowledge and ability to increase healthy cattle. To support cattle health research in an effort to continuously incorporate sound science into herd health programs NCBA’s membership remains commited. For generations, cattlemen have worked with veterinarians across the country for the careful use of antibiotics for treating, controlling and preventing diseases.
Cattlemen take very seriously the responsibility to provide the utmost care for our animals and actively participate in multiple industry-led initiatives aimed at ensuring the health and well-being of our cattle. A variety of tools are used by cattle producers to raise healthy animals. These tools consist of vaccines, antibiotics, nutrition programs,handling low stress techniques and better cattle genetics.
From a very young age, dairy cows react in a different way from each other to stimuli. It depends on an animal’s temperament how it reacts in stressful situations, but it may also influence its health. In the future, temperament could be bred as a selective trait to improve the robustness and well-being of dairy cow.
The purchase cost of a cow depends on more than one factor. It depends on the type of cow, the genealogy of the cow, and where you are buying the cow it can cost anywhere from $ 800 to $ 2000. Many times beef cattle are also sold by the pound. The weight of the cow and the market price would decide the price .