The DOGUE DE BORDEAUX OR FRENCH MASTIFF is a French mastiff breed and one of the most ancient French dog. A typical brachycephalic molossoid kind of breed, the bordeaux is a very giant powerful dog with a very muscular body. This brawny has been put to work in many different capacities from pulling carts and hauling heavy objects, to guarding flocks and , historically the castles of European elite.
Appearance the Dogue Bordeaux is a well balanced, massive and muscular dog with a powerful body build .The Dogue’s size should come mostly from width and muscles rather than height, the body of Dogue Bordeaux is thick set with a gentle rounded croup and a straight top line . The front legs have straight and heavy hard bone. The straight tail is thick at the base and then tapering through a point at the extreme,It should not reach much lower than their hocks.This is set and carried low.
THE BREED STANDARDS by European FCI and the American kennel club illustrates a minimum weight of 100 pounds (around 45 kg) for a female and 115 pounds (around 52 kg) for a male. There is not any stated maximum weight but these dogs must be balanced according to their overall types and conformation standard for this kind of breed. This standard states that the desirable height of this mastiff at maturity must range between 23.5 to 27 inches in male dogs and from 22.5 to 25.5 in female. Deviation from these margins is considered a fault.
The massive head is a crucial breed characteristic. The Dogue Bordeaux is claimed to have the largest head in the canine world in proposition to the rest of the world.
The standard specifies the coat to be short, fine and soft to the touch. Colour varies like shades of fawn and mahogany with a red and black brown mask, although the red mask is usually seen in this breed. White markings are permitted to the tip of the toes and on the chest, but white on the any other body is considered a fault.
The Bordeaux has a calm nature.He is extremely loyal and patient. He is devoted to his family. The Bordeaux is fearless and very confrontational with strangers. Despite his fearsome appearance he is very gentle with children and family members.
Data from the Norwegian kennel club indicated a mean litter size of 8.1 puppies ranging from (2-17) for the breed. The breed has a high still born and early neonatal mortality rate ,with a still born rate do 14.2% and early neonatal mortality(death within 1 week from birth) of 10.4%.the average across all breeds in the study was 4.2% still birth 3.7% early neonatal mortality excluding still born and early death, the mean litter size is 6.1. Up kennel club data shows that 28.1% of dogue litter were delivered by caesarean section.
The mastiff breeds are very large dogs and have a lot of grooming to do. Therefore they should not be overexercised during the first year of life and one should certainly avoid excessive weight gain.
Like many large breeds hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia are the health issues that can affect the Dogue de Bordeaux. Other health concerns include heart problems, Bloat, Démodé tic Mange, skin disease and eye problems. In addition Dogue de Bordeaux is a very fast growing dog-puppies can gain 2-4 pounds per week on average and may experience Eosinophillic Panosteitis (Pano).Hypothyroidism is a common condition in all giant breeds.
Your puppy should be vaccinated around seven weeks prior to the leaving the breeder. As the dog gets older ,it is very important that they receive the proper amount of excercise to keep up their muscle toned and avoid them becoming overweight. Swimming is great , walking in the cool of the morning or evening is ideal.
A high quality dry dog food is a good start. Do not over feed your dog, maintain a healthy diet.
A Dogue needs fresh meat and a variety in his/her diet.
PRICE IN INDIA
The Bordeaux are aggressive in nature. Their price is around Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 50,000.