Guinea pig breeds are famous pet since sixteenth century. They are always misunderstood as a pig, from Guinea. These cute little creatures are rodents, which belong from the family of Caviidae. Guinea pigs are mostly appreciated by children. They are also known cavy. They play a very important role in southern as well as northern parts of India. Guinea pigs are considered religious in many ceremonies of South. They are also a source of food for them. Guinea pigs are very popular among pets in western part because they are very cooperative in nature. They are extremely easy to handle, care and to feed.
These are light in weight. They weigh about 1.5 to 2.5 pounds, with a height of about 20-25 cm. They do not have any tail, but they have two gnawing teeth at the front. They live for about four to five years. They have short legs and little feet which enhances their character. Front feet consist of four claws while the back consist of three claws. The skeleton of Guinea pig consist of some special features so that they can adapt themselves in different environment.
TYPES OF BREED
There are different breeds of Guinea pigs. Each breed differs from other in their characteristic. Some have long flowing hair while some have short. They mostly differ in appearances.
Different regions have different environment. Guinea pigs adapt themselves according to the nature of the place they live in. Northern and Southern parts of America have different types of breed of Guinea pigs.
Guinea pigs are quick learners. They remember things for months. They can overcome obstacles but can’t climb. They show agility in thinking. They are very quick in sensing danger, as they sense it they run for cover or move to a suitable place.
Guinea pigs give birth at the time of spring. 1-6 pups are given birth each year by an average size of 17. The gestation period lasts for 59-72 days. The offspring of Guinea pig are well developed with hair, teeth, claws and partial eye-sight. They are immediately active. They start moving immediately after birth and start eating solid food.
Grooming a Guinea pig involves brushing,, bathing and nail clipping. Nail clipping is the toughest job to perform, as they are difficult to control. Nail clipping should be done once in a month. Brushing is one of the easiest task to perform as they enjoy it. They can be brushed every day according to the density of hair. If there hairs are shedding they should be brushed once in a while. Extra efforts are required to bathe them.Guinea pigs rarely need to be bathed.
Common diseases found in Guinea pigs include respiratory problems, infections by lice or fungus, diarrhea and scurvy. Abscesses are also one of the major problems found in Guinea pigs which are caused due to infection in neck or by external scratches.
Guinea pigs should be brushed each day. Their nails should be clipped once in a month otherwise they would turn and become hard. They should be feed with proper food.
The Guinea Pigs are Shy at first. But they are really loving and caring. After some days, they will come to your living room without ant shyness. To care a Guinea Pig, you have to take care of its food. Give fresh water every water to rabbits. The most important part of Guinea Pig’s diet is fibre, timothy hay and meadow grass. This rabbits are fund of cucumber and carrots. Feed them regularly, but do not overfeed them. Feed the pellet food to rabbit 1/4 or 1/8 cup per day. Vitamin C is most important protein which should be included in their food. Never feed them mushrooms, chocolate, fish, breeds, hot peppers and meat. These are harmful for its health.
Guinea pigs are cute. They are very attractive. A person can feel relaxed after playing with them. A pair of Guinea pig cost Rs. 2900. They can bring a life to one’s home.