The Newfoundland dogs are working dogs which can be black, brown, gray, and white in color. They were exactly bred and used for the fishing purpose. They are mostly found with the fishermen’s in the place known as Newfoundland in Canada. They posses giant personality and tremendous strength. They are very intelligent and extremely loyal toward their masters. Since these dogs posses webbed feet so are best known for rescuing and life saving dogs in water. They love to be in water and swim. They posses a muscular build and have intimated swimming ability.
The Newfoundland dog are massive and strong. They have broad and heavy head with a slight arched crown. They have strong back and neck so are some times used to pull the cart. They ,mostly have large black noes with open nostrils. Their teeth always meet in a scissor bite and have dark brown eyes which are small and deep set. They have small ears which are round at the tips but are triangular in shape. The have down hanging tails which are broad at the base and is strong. The coat is thick and long. It can be either wavy or straight. The under coat of these dogs is dense and smooth. The coat is mostly found in the colors like black with white and grey marking, brown, white and gray.
Temperament and Behavior:
The Newfoundland dogs are gentle and are very intelligent. They are extremely friendly towards human beings. They are counted to be one of the most intelligent dog breeds. They can be easily trained and enjoy the work process under the human guidance. These are counted to be on the top as Family Dog’s. They are very patient and extremely loyal towards their master’s. This breed never cause harm to the children so is best suited for them as well. They are never found with the trait of aggression. It is a rescue dog so have the quality of guarding as well. They always try to protect its family from the danger.
Since these dogs have thick double coat they need to be brushed on a regular basis with a hard bristle brush or wired comb. They require extra care at the time of shedding. Thee dogs shed twice in an year i.e. in spring season and the fall season. They shed heavily in the springs. Till the time bathing can be avoided it must be avoided. As bathing the dog on regular basis may cause the loss of coat’s natural oils. They must be given dry shampoo time to time.
Newfoundlands are prone to very serious health problems like heart disease called sub-aortic stenosis (SAS), hip dysplasia (CHD), epilepsy, and elbow dysplasia, and minor issues like von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD), cataract, Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD), entropion,ectropion and cruciate ligament rupture. It must be taken care that they does not get fat because the get more problems when they gain weight. This can lead to the shorter life span.
The Newfoundlands need regular exercise too stay healthy and fit. They are not long distance runner but are great swimmers. This breed requires the most attention and care at the time of growing in the age of 4 to 7 months. Never let a younger dog pull a cart till he have reached the age of two. These dogs must be given ample of time to swim as they enjoy this and is a best exercise to make their muscles strong without the danger of getting hurt. These Newfoundlands does not do well in the hot weather because of the heavy coat. In the hot weather the coat of Newfoundlands must be trimmed finely so that they do not get irritated. They need ample space outside to play and exercise so can not survive in the apartments. Since they are large in size so have large appetite as well but must not be over feed. This can make them overweight and can decrease the life span of the dog.
The estimated height of Newfoundlands male is 29 inches where as female Newfoundlands are found to be 27 inches tall.
Weight of a Newfoundlands is around 60 to 70 kg where as in females Newfoundlands they weight around 45 to 55 kg.
Newfoundlands can live up to 9 to 15 years, but on an average the years counted are 10.
These Newfoundlands gives birth to 4 to 12 puppies at a time. The average count of Newfoundlands pups are 7 or 8.
The average price of a Newfoundlands pup is around $2000.